When some people hear the term dwarf fruit trees, they conclude that not only is the height of the tree smaller, but the fruit is as well.
Well, that’s not the case, and in fact the fruit from these smaller variety of trees is just as large as that from normal size trees and often sweeter and juicier, as we’ll explain momentarily.
How Dwarf Fruit Trees Got Started
Sometimes, these trees are considered exclusively indoor varieties. While most if not all can in fact be grown indoors, others are really just downsized versions meant to be grown in smaller spaces. One good example is the dwarf peach tree, which really doesn’t do well indoors but can be quite successful in small spaces or an outdoor container.
These trees were genetically formulated by plant specialists and citrus growers beginning in the 1980’s. After a few years of trial and error, several types of these trees began to yield positive results. Within the last fifteen years or so, their popularity has exploded and both indoor and outdoor gardeners have embraced these smaller sized trees.
Some of the most common varieties available include lemon, lime, tangerine, orange, and the aforementioned peach. Some unique and unusual types exist as well, like banana, fig, and pomegranate. Just about any type of fruit, tropical or otherwise, you can think of is available in a dwarf variety. Even apple and pear trees can be grown as smaller specimens.
Do You Place Your Dwarf Fruit Trees in the Ground or a Container?
The most common question about these trees is whether to attempt growing them in the ground or in a container (either indoor or outdoors).
In general, trees always do better when grown in the ground, but don’t let that dissuade you from using a container. The reality is, sometimes the ground isn’t a viable option, like in town home complexes or apartment buildings. A sunny balcony or outdoor deck or patio is the perfect place for a container tree! In actuality, the elements are the same; ample sunshine and opportunity for pollination, assuming the tree isn’t self pollinating.
It’s important to check the grower instructions for each individual variety. Dwarf trees that top out at, say, 3-4 feet will do much better in a container than those reaching 10-12 feet. The smaller types will have less of a root structure, which works well with a container. The other advantage to choosing a “shorter” specimen for container growing is the tree will devote most of its energy to producing fruit as opposed to growing taller.
Just about any type of fruit tree offers a dwarf variety. While it’s true that some are more successfully grown in containers than others, these small fruit trees are equally suitable for limited size garden plots as well.
The best news is, these small trees are readily affordable, most with a price tag well under $100. They provide a viable option for any gardening enthusiast with small space concerns, or those without access to traditional garden plots, like town home residents or apartment dwellers.
Be sure to explore the rest of this site to see the many varieties of dwarf fruit trees available for purchase!
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